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[Linux文档] Linux操作系统内核学习 Linux Kernel详解中文版

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发表于 2016-5-10 18:12:13 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Linux操作系统内核学习 Linux Kernel详解中文版 100多页精华文档 详解Linux内核

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接近160页中文Linux 内核详解资料,对于理解Linux内核很有帮助,确实是不可多得的Linux内核学习资料

前言...........................................................................................................................................................................6
本书的组织...........................................................................................................................................................7
第一章 硬件基础......................................................................................................................................................9
1.1 CPU...............................................................................................................................................................10
1.2 内存.............................................................................................................................................................. 11
1.3 总线.............................................................................................................................................................. 11
1.4 控制器与外设..............................................................................................................................................12
1.5 地址空间......................................................................................................................................................12
1.6 时钟..............................................................................................................................................................12
第二章 软件基础....................................................................................................................................................12
2.1 计算机编程语言..........................................................................................................................................13
2.1.1 汇编语言..............................................................................................................................................13
2.1.2 C 编程语言和编译器............................................................................................................................13
2.1.3 连接程序..............................................................................................................................................14
2.2 操作系统概念..............................................................................................................................................14
2.2.1 内存管理..............................................................................................................................................15
2.2.2 进程......................................................................................................................................................15
2.2.3 设备驱动..............................................................................................................................................16
2.2.4 文件系统..............................................................................................................................................16
2.3 核心数据结构..............................................................................................................................................16
2.3.1 连接列表..............................................................................................................................................16
2.3.2 散列表..................................................................................................................................................17
2.3.3 抽象接口..............................................................................................................................................17
第三章 存储管理....................................................................................................................................................17
3.1 虚拟内存的抽象模型..................................................................................................................................18
3.1.1 请求换页..............................................................................................................................................19
3.1.2 交换......................................................................................................................................................20
3.1.3 共享虚拟内存....................................................................................................................................20
3.1.4 物理与虚拟寻址模式........................................................................................................................21
3.1.5 访问控制............................................................................................................................................21
3.2 高速缓冲....................................................................................................................................................22
3.3 LINUX 页表................................................................................................................................................23
3.4 页面分配与回收........................................................................................................................................23
3.4.1 页面分配............................................................................................................................................24
3.4.2 页面回收............................................................................................................................................25
3.5 内存映射....................................................................................................................................................26
3.6 请求换页....................................................................................................................................................27
3.7 LINUX页面CACHE .....................................................................................................................................28
3.8 换出与丢弃页面........................................................................................................................................28
3.8.1 减少Page Cache和Buffer Cache的大小.........................................................................................29
3.8.2 换出系统V 内存页面........................................................................................................................30
3.8.3 换出和丢弃页面................................................................................................................................30
3.9 THE SWAP CACHE........................................................................................................................................31
3.10 页面的换入..............................................................................................................................................31
第四章 进程管理....................................................................................................................................................32
4.1 LINUX进程.................................................................................................................................................33
4.2 IDENTIFIERS.................................................................................................................................................35
4.3 调度............................................................................................................................................................35
4.3.1 多处理器系统中的调度....................................................................................................................37
4.4 文件............................................................................................................................................................38
4.5 虚拟内存....................................................................................................................................................39
4.6 进程创建....................................................................................................................................................40
4.7 时钟和定时器............................................................................................................................................41
4.8 程序执行....................................................................................................................................................41
4.8.1 ELF.....................................................................................................................................................42
4.8.2 脚本文件............................................................................................................................................44
第五章 进程间通讯机制........................................................................................................................................44
5.1 信号............................................................................................................................................................44
5.2 管道............................................................................................................................................................46
5.3 套接口........................................................................................................................................................48
5.3.1 系统V IPC 机制................................................................................................................................48
5.3.2 消息队列............................................................................................................................................48
5.3.3 信号灯................................................................................................................................................49
5.3.4 共享内存............................................................................................................................................51
第六章 PCI.............................................................................................................................................................52
6.1 PCI 地址空间.............................................................................................................................................53
6.2 PCI 配置头................................................................................................................................................54
6.3 PCI I/O 和PCI 内存地址..........................................................................................................................55
6.4 PCI-ISA 桥接器........................................................................................................................................56
6.5 PCI-PCI 桥接器........................................................................................................................................56
6.5.1 PCI-PCI 桥接器PCI I/O 和PCI 内存窗口...................................................................................56
6.5.2 PCI-PCI 桥接器PCI 配置循环及PCI 总线编号方式...................................................................56
6.6 LINUX PCI 初始化过程.............................................................................................................................57
6.6.1 Linux 核心PCI 数据结构.................................................................................................................59
6.6.2 PCI设备驱动.....................................................................................................................................60
6.6.3 PCI BIOS 函数..................................................................................................................................63
6.6.4 PCI 补丁代码....................................................................................................................................63
第七章 中断及中断处理........................................................................................................................................65
7.1 可编程中断控制器....................................................................................................................................67
7.2 初始化中断处理数据结构........................................................................................................................67
7.3 中断处理....................................................................................................................................................68
第八章 设备驱动....................................................................................................................................................69
8.1 轮询与中断................................................................................................................................................70
8.2 直接内存访问(DMA)...............................................................................................................................71
8.3 内存............................................................................................................................................................72
8.4 设备驱动与核心的接口............................................................................................................................72
8.4.1 字符设备............................................................................................................................................73
8.4.2 块设备................................................................................................................................................74
8.5 硬盘............................................................................................................................................................75
8.5.1 IDE 硬盘............................................................................................................................................76
8.5.2 初始化IDE子系统............................................................................................................................77
8.5.3 SCSI 硬盘..........................................................................................................................................77
8.6 网络设备....................................................................................................................................................80
8.6.1 初始化网络设备................................................................................................................................82
第九章 文件系统....................................................................................................................................................82
9.1 第二代扩展文件系统EXT2 ..............................................................................................................84
9.1.1 The EXT2 Inode .................................................................................................................................85
9.1.2 EXT2 超块........................................................................................................................................86
9.1.3 EXT2 组标志符.................................................................................................................................86
9.1.4 EXT2 目录........................................................................................................................................87
9.1.5 在EXT2 文件系统中搜寻文件.........................................................................................................88
9.1.6 改变EXT2 文件系统中文件的大小.................................................................................................88
9.2 虚拟文件系统(VFS)..................................................................................................................................89
9.2.1 VFS 超块...........................................................................................................................................90
9.2.2 The VFS Inode....................................................................................................................................91
9.2.3 注册文件系统....................................................................................................................................92
9.2.4 安装文件系统....................................................................................................................................92
9.2.5 在虚拟文件系统中搜寻文件.............................................................................................................93
9.2.6 Creating a File in the Virtual File System...........................................................................................94
9.2.7 卸载文件系统....................................................................................................................................94
9.2.8 The VFS Inode Cache.........................................................................................................................94
9.2.9 目录 Cache ........................................................................................................................................95
9.3 THE BUFFER CACHE ....................................................................................................................................96
9.3.1 bdflush 核心后台进程......................................................................................................................97
9.3.2 update进程.........................................................................................................................................98
9.4 /PROC文件系统..........................................................................................................................................98
9.5 设备特殊文件............................................................................................................................................98
第十章 网络............................................................................................................................................................99
10.1 TCP/IP 网络简介.....................................................................................................................................99
10.2 LINUX TCP/IP 网络层...........................................................................................................................102
10.3 BSD SOCKET 接口..................................................................................................................................103
10.4 INET SOCKET 层....................................................................................................................................105
10.4.1 建立BSD socket ............................................................................................................................106
10.4.2 将地址与INET BSD socket 绑定..................................................................................................106
10.4.3 在INET BSD Socket 上建立连接.................................................................................................107
10.4.4 监听 INET BSD Socket.................................................................................................................107
10.4.5 接收连接请求................................................................................................................................108
10.5 IP 层.......................................................................................................................................................108
10.5.1 Socket 缓存...................................................................................................................................108
10.5.2 接收IP 包....................................................................................................................................... 110
10.5.3 发送IP 包....................................................................................................................................... 110
10.5.4 数据分块........................................................................................................................................ 111
10.6 地址解析协议(ARP) ............................................................................................................................ 111
10.7 IP 路由.................................................................................................................................................. 112
10.7.1 路由缓存........................................................................................................................................ 113
10.7.2 The Forwarding Information Database ........................................................................................... 113
第十一章 核心机制.............................................................................................................................................. 114
11.1 底层部分处理机制................................................................................................................................ 114
11.2 任务队列................................................................................................................................................ 116
11.3 定时器TIMER ................................................................................................................................ 117
11.4 等待队列................................................................................................................................................ 118
11.5 BUZZ 锁.................................................................................................................................................. 118
11.6 信号灯.................................................................................................................................................... 118
第十二章 模块...................................................................................................................................................... 119
12.1 模块的加载............................................................................................................................................121
12.2 模块的卸载............................................................................................................................................122
第十三章 处理器..................................................................................................................................................123
13.1 X86.........................................................................................................................................................123
13.2 ARM.......................................................................................................................................................123
13.3 ALPHA AXP 处理器...............................................................................................................................124
第十四章 LINUX核心资源................................................................................................................................124
第十五章 LINUX核心数据结构........................................................................................................................128
15.1 BLOCK_DEV_STRUCT........................................................................................................................128
15.2 BUFFER_HEAD..................................................................................................................................128
15.3 DEVICE.............................................................................................................................................129
15.4 DEVICE_STRUCT ...............................................................................................................................132
15.5 FILE..................................................................................................................................................132
15.6 FILES_STRUCT ..................................................................................................................................132
15.7 FS_STRUCT.......................................................................................................................................133
15.8 GENDISK...........................................................................................................................................133
15.9 INODE...............................................................................................................................................134
15.10 IPC_PERM ....................................................................................................................................135
15.11 IRQACTION...................................................................................................................................135
15.12 LINUX_BINFMT ............................................................................................................................136
15.13 MEM_MAP_T................................................................................................................................136
15.14 MM_STRUCT ................................................................................................................................137
15.15 PCI_BUS.......................................................................................................................................137
15.16 PCI_DEV ......................................................................................................................................137
15.17 REQUEST......................................................................................................................................138
15.18 RTABLE ........................................................................................................................................139
15.19 SEMAPHORE.................................................................................................................................139
15.20 SK_BUFF......................................................................................................................................140
15.21 SOCK ...........................................................................................................................................141
15.22 SOCKET........................................................................................................................................145
15.23 TASK_STRUCT..............................................................................................................................146
15.24 TIMER_LIST .................................................................................................................................148
15.25 TQ_STRUCT..................................................................................................................................148
15.26 VM_AREA_STRUCT ......................................................................................................................148
第十六章 LINUX相关WEB 和FTP站点........................................................................................................149
附录A 作者简介..................................................................................................................................................151
附录B THE GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE..........................................................................................151

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